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雅思热门口语:环境问题(孙涛)  

2009-01-05 10:52:14|  分类: 雅思口语技巧/英 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Describe an environmental problem in your country.

You should say:

      what this problem is

      what the causes of the problem are

      how this problem affects people

and explain how this problem could be solved.

 

参考答案

1、点题。Dust storm

Problem in northern China

Early spring, Strong winds carry sand from Gobi desert. 让我担心(hasme worried)

 

2、原因。two major reasons

Strong winds,

desertification, Overuse of farmland and overgrazing

植被破坏(deforestation),romove tons of topsoil a day.

 

3、影响。Badly.

Yellow, poor visibility.

戴face masks, re’spiratory disease. 引发健康问题(cause healthproblems)

 

4、解决。复杂,简单解决方案.

最简单,Plant trees

最好的,turn cultivated land back into grasslands and forests. Thisis an important measure to control water loss and soil erosion.

 

三、背景阅读

摘自The Hindu, Saturday, Jul 06, 2002

Plastic Pollution

USHA JESUDASAN

雅思热门口语:环境问题(孙涛) - yeyibin2001 - yeyibin2001的博客

Walk down any city street or village road, turn any corner, finda spot at the beach or in a park and you will find mounds andmounds of dirty plastic bags, foodwrappings, plastic cups, bottles andcartons lie piled high, or blocking drainage systems andsewers. The road outside our house is littered with flimsymulti-coloured plastic bags. The wind blows these bags into theopen gutter. The bags collect and block the gutter which thenspills on to the road. Mosquitoes thrive in the stagnant water.Pigs and rats wallow in the slime, carrying disease. The placestinks and the air is polluted. The garbage men refuse to clean thegutters... they are only paid to clear the litter off the streets!So the clutter and slime increases every week.

 

Who is responsible for all this litter and mess and the pollutedatmosphere? We are of course! Every one of us. Although each one ofus contributes to the problem, none of us iswilling to be part of the solution to it. So the Tamil NaduGovernment is keen on taking a drastic step tocurb the use of plastics and make the roads cleanand environmentally safe. The government's desireto introduce a bill that would ban plastic bagsand other plastic items is a desperate attempt to control the hugeenvironmental and health hazards that face us today.

 

Despite my desire to see a clean environment and have a cleanroad I wonder what will we do without all the plastic things in ourlives? The many uses of disposable plastic that we use everydaycomes to mind, gloves, pens, cups, bottles, cans — can we really dowithout these?

 

Do we see the proposed ban as a necessary measure? Or will it befought against with passion by the plastic industry? Each year, asindustry produces more and more non-essential products individuallyand excessively packaged in plastic, we throw awaymore and more trash. Plastic razors can only be used a few timesbefore disposal, then more must be bought, making the plastic andrazor industries rich and happy. Pens used to be filled with ink,today we use them, throw them away and go out and buy another one.The pen industries make a lot of money too. Many householdappliances are designed to become obsolete within a short durationand that guarantees that you'll just have to buy new ones nextyear.

To a large extent, our garbage problem is a result of acorporate business ethic that puts profits before peopleand the environment. Industry pushes the advantages of"disposability'' to the public because it suits them and it payswell. The profit from disposability goes into the pockets of only afew but the hazards of disposability are faced by many more.

The proposed ban makes me realise that each one of us shoulddevelop a sense of responsibility not just towardsthe litter on our roads but also towards the things we buy and useand throw away.

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