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2008 雅思年终大点评:学术类图表作文 (转)  

2009-01-08 00:09:17|  分类: 精华雅思写作/英 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2008雅思年终大点评:学术类图表作文

 

    纵观 2008 年 46次雅思考试学术类图表作文,常规的图表——线形图、柱形图、饼图和表格的单独考查仍延续往年趋势占到绝大多数,“非常规”的图画题与去年相比也按原有比例有所涉及,其中不乏地理变迁图,流程图以及对比示意图。综合图表的考查虽然不多,但各种图表的组合也几乎都有出现。

 

•  柱形图 18 次(占 39%)

  相比去年表格占主导的趋势,今年柱形图的考查数量呈现出最大幅度的上升,且考查的密度也相对加大,其中 8 月份和 11月份都连续三场考查了柱形图。从下面列出的真题描述中也不难看出, 18 次考试中,有时间变化即存在纵比的柱形图有 12次,占到了三分之二的比例,这就要求考生在图中既要注意到纵向的趋势变化,又要兼顾横向的比较,而不仅仅是单纯地在同一时间比较不同事物的数量、比例等等。考生在写作时就一定要把握好写作的顺序,以纵比为主线,或连点成线(柱子的顶点)直接描述趋势,或按趋势变化分类描述(柱子较多的情况),并从中提取极值、倍数关系等横比信息。但值得注意的是,有纵比的柱形图毕竟不等同于线形图,柱与柱之间的那段趋势是不得而知的,没有线形图那么具体,所以在描述的过程中的时间的表达及用词是要多加考虑的。

08.01.12 compare the percentages of people aged65 and over in three different countries ( Canada , Germany and UK) in 1980, 2000 and 2030

 

08.03.01 show the average pay increase in fiveEuropean countries in 1999 and 2000

 

08.04.05 show the percentages of men and womenaged 60 -64 in employment in four countries in 1970 and 2000 (Belgium , Japan , Australia and America )

 

08.04.19 show the figures of tourists in fivetourist attractions from 1981 and 2001

 

08.05.10 show the information in the sales ofselection "Fair Trade" in UK between 1998 and 2002

 

08.06.14 show the number of overseas applicantsto UK universities from worldwide parts from 1999 to 2003

 

08.06.21 show the actual and predicted numberof applicants in 3 UK universities in 1997, 2000 and 2010

 

08.07.24 show the total amount and averageemission (per person) of carbon dioxide in USA and other easterncountries

 

08.08.09 show the numbers of mobile phones andpersonal computers per thousand people in six different countriesin 2003

 

08.08.16 show the British library book loanquantity in millions from 1995 to 2005

 

08.08.21 show the average price per kilo ofclothing imported to EU from seven major countries of origin in1997and 2003

 

08.09.18 compare the average amount of timespent per day on two common leisure activities by different agedpeople of New Zealand

 

08.09.27 show the information of male andfemale students who chose different majors in 1995 and 2005

 

08.10.23 compare male and female volunteersdoing volunteer work in different age groups in Australia

 

08.11.08 show the changes in the number of thenew buildings constructed in the region from 1999 to 2002

 

08.11.20 show how the TV in bedroom and the useof computer effect children

 

08.11.29 show the numbers of different vehiclesregistered in a European country in 1996and 2006

 

•  show the way female andmale used INTERNET in Canada in 2000

 

•  表格 9 次 (约占 19%)

  表格的考查依然占到相当的比例,其中也依旧有百分比的出现。表格的不直观,数据的繁杂一直是考生们觉得比较难以处理的。但其实只要找到极值,以极值为中心带动周围数据进行描述,有纵比写趋势,无纵比寻找各项横比关系,还是有规律可循的。

08.01.19 give information about the totaladvertising expenditure and its distribution of five advertisingtypes (press, cinema, radio, outdoor and TV) in four carmanufacturers in Britain in 2002

 

08.02.16 show the figures of population inIndonesia , Korea , Italy and Argentina

 

08.04.12 give information about the amount offood that is sold and the amount of waste of food each day of aweek in a supermarket

 

08.06.05 show the cost of water in fiveAustralian cities in 2004

 

08.07.26 show the percentage of governmentspending on education and training and the percentage of 18-24years old people participating in education and training in fivedifferent European countries in 2002

 

08.08.30 show the average number of peopleliving in one household in five different countries in the year of1985, 2000 and 2015

 

08.11.15 show the number of cinemas, totalcinema visits and average visit per person in 1995 and 1999 inJapan , Australia and Azerbaijan

 

08.12.04 show a UK survey that people thoughtgovernment should spend more money on some factors (health,education, others)

 

08.12.06 show the percentages of differenttypes of housing in three areas in one city in UK

 

•  饼图 6 次 (占 13%)

  饼图一如往年,考查比例不高,但都是多个饼图一起出现。今年没有出现从属关系的饼图,延续关系即有纵比的有一次,其他均为并列关系,可分别单独描述,再寻找可成立的联系,是比较好入手的。饼图的数据无一例外都是百分比,所以在数据的引用过程中,变换的表达也显得比较重要。

08.01.10 compare the charts for clothing importof US and Japan between 1995 and 2000

 

08.03.08 show the information about thedonation of a charity in Britain

08.03.13 show the use of farmland in south,southwest, central and east of America

08.05.31 show the responses to thequestionnaire given by full-time students and part-time studentswho showed their opinions about the IT support and the currentopening hours

08.07.05 show opinions about membership of theEuropean Union for general public and top decision-makers

08.10.11 show how an export company's employeesuse different courses to foreign languages for differentreasons

•  线形图 4 次 (约占 9%)

  线形图也延续往年趋势,单独考查的次数并不多,但它的特点觉得了考生从一开始就必须关注这种图形,因为只有线形图是永远有时间变化,有趋势描述的。只有熟练掌握线形图的描述,才能为其他图形中有纵比情况的表达打下好的基础。

08.02.02show the birth rate and death rate in Britain from 1951 to 2001 andthe prediction of them from 2001 to 2050

08.06.28 show the Japanese population bydifferent age group from 1970 to 2040

08.10.25 show changes in the number of playersof 4 different kind of sports (badminton, tennis, basketball andrugby) in a specific European country between1985 and 2005

08.12.20 show the percentages of differentcompanies in cellphone market share from 1994 to 2004

•  综合图表 4 次(约占 9%)

  综合图表的考查每年都有,数量也比较稳定。因为图形多,信息也较多,考生不怕没有内容可写,但也存在越写越多既抓不住重点也把握不住时间的情况。这要求考生在平时的练习过程中要能不断提高自己用最简练的语言概括图表中最值得描述的信息的能力。

08.02.23 The pie chart shows the labourerstructure (three different groups) in Australia in 2003 and theline graph compares the changes of unemployment rate in the threegroups from 1993 to 2003. (饼图 + 线形图)

 

08.04.24 give information about the amount ofmoney raised by UK for charity organizations in 2001 and how theywere used (柱形图 + 饼图)

 

08.07.12 The line graph shows average workinghours per week and the table shows the average number of paidholiday days in a European country between 1998 and 2004. (线形图 +表格)

 

08.09.13 show the housing price of Australiaand the percentage of house-owners and renters aged 30 -35 indifferent years ( 柱形图 + 饼图)

 

•  图画题 5 次 (约占 11%)

  图画题仍以固有的比例出现。事实上,考生对图画题的恐惧仅仅来自于平时练习的缺乏。如果平时多留意,多练习,多思考,考试时遇到,我们还是可以以“固有”的方法来应对。地理变迁图——把握方位顺序和语法中被动语态的使用;流程图——把握表示顺序的衔接词或句型和被动语态的使用。只要能把握好顺序性,条理清楚,语法和用词得当,图画题其实可以少掉提取信息的步骤,表现得更为简单。

地理变迁图 2 次

08.01.26 compare the map of the existing civiccentre and the planning one of its new change in the future

 

•  show the development of atown named Bridgetown from 1700 to 2000

 

流程图 2 次

•  show two methods of makingglass container


08.05.22 show a simple method of filtering and storing water forhousehold use

 

对比示意图 1 次

08.09.06 show two different cutting tools fromdifferent views in 1.4million and 800000 years ago

 

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