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英联雅思托福国际英语教育

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雅思听力填空题型解题技巧2  

2009-02-07 09:48:41|  分类: 雅思听力技巧/英 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2)     范围预测

  可以预测到答案大致范围或词性范围,由于预测范围不可能缩的很小,所以要与关键词配合使用。

  例12:Cambridge 5 Test 1 Section 2Question 15

  Choice Cots, Good points: Easyto ……

  读题:划名词Choice Cots,形容词easy-准备好同意转换

  预测:根据语法结构,预测词性为动词

  录音:The next cot was by ChoiceCots and this time our testers were pleased to find a cot which issimple to put together, unlike others we looked at.

  解析:Choice Cots完全匹配,用以定位;easyto转换为simple to, 再针对性的去找一verb., 得到答案为动词短语put together.

  例13:Cambridge 4 Test 1 Section 2Question 11

  Riverside Village was a goodplace to start an industry because it had water, raw materials andfuels such as …… and ……

  读题:划名词Riverside Village, water,raw materials, fuels-都是不易转换的

  预测:根据题目内容,预测答案为燃料种类

  录音:Good afternoon everybody andwelcome to Riverside Industrial Village…. The water and theavailability of raw materials in the area, like minerals and ironore, and also the abundance of local fuels, like coal and firewood,all made this site suitable for industry from a very earlytime.

  解析:通过完全匹配的名词Riverside Village,water, raw materials &fuels来逐步定位,有针对性的听取答案为两种燃料:coal &firewood.

  例14:Cambridge 5 Test 2 Section 3Question 25 & 26

  Operating videocamera.

  Working with otherpeople:

  --learning about

  ……

  --compromising

  --……people who have differentviews

  读题:划名词video camera, 划动词workingtogether, compromising

  预测:本题属并列结构,雅思的并列结构中答案与题目形式趋同,因此预测25& 26为动名词-v+ing。

  录音:Firstly, learned how to use acamera. And also I think I really learned a lot about workingtogether with other people. I’ve never done anything with a groupbefore, and we had to find ways of cooperating and compromising,and sometimes persuading people.

  解析:通过完全匹配的关键词camera& working together逐步定位,随后针对性的听取动名词cooperating& persuading.

  例15:Cambridge 5 Test 2 Section 4Question 38

  Measuring changes in the ice-cap(because of effects on sea levels and ……)

  读题:划名词ice-cap &sea levels

  预测:本题属对称结构,and前后不但词性相同往往内容形式也相同,因此预测答案很可能为环境方面的一个复数名词

  录音:Within this general field,surveying changes in the volume and stability of the ice-cap isvital, these may have profound effects on world sea levels andocean currents.

  解析:通过完全匹配的ice-cap& sea levels来逐步定位,随后听取环境词汇oceancurrents.

  小结:

  调整听力步骤为:Match-Find withPrediction (匹配-依据预测的捕获)

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