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雅思A类图表作文题写作精华提炼分析2  

2009-02-19 21:56:40|  分类: 精华雅思写作/英 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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(6)

  show / prove / witness

  (7)补充动词

  keep / remain / maintain unchanged / constant /stable(保持不变)

  fluctuate upward / downward(波动向上/向下)

  double / triple / quadruple(2/3/4倍)

  A possible answer: (Band 6.5)

  According to the line chart, visits abroad by UK residentsincreased from about 12 to 57 million from 1979 to 1999. Similarly,overseas travelers to Britain went up from about 10 to 27 million.It is obvious that UK tourists were more and climbed faster thanoverseas ones during the period.

  复杂线图:

 

雅思A类图表作文题写作精华提炼分析2 - yeyibin2001 - yeyibin2001的博客
复杂线图

 

  极值:

  峰值:peak (v. & n.), summit (v.& n.), highest point

  谷值:touch the bottom (v.), nadir (n.), lowest point

  稳定时期:plateau (n.高原), lower stationary phase (低稳时期)

  A possible answer: (Band 6.5)

  According to the curve chart, daily electricity need is higherin winter (38,000 units on average) than in summer (18,000 units onaverage). In winter, electricity consumption peaks at 2:00 am and10:00 pm while it touches the bottom at 0:00 am and 8:00 am. On theother hand, in summer, it summits at 2:00 pm and 11:00 pm, but hasa nadir at 9:00 am and a lower stationary phase from 4:00 pm to9:00 pm.

 

雅思A类图表作文题写作精华提炼分析2 - yeyibin2001 - yeyibin2001的博客
简单柱图

 

  简单柱图:

  A possible answer: (Band 6.5)

  The bar graph demonstrates that the most UK visitors went toFrance and Spain, which were 11.0 and 9.5 million. Also, manyBritish travelers were attracted by the USA (4.0 million), Greece(3.5 million) and Turkey (2.0 million).

 

雅思A类图表作文题写作精华提炼分析2 - yeyibin2001 - yeyibin2001的博客
复杂柱图

 

  复杂柱图:

  比较:

  90% of those who held a skilled vocational diploma were men,compared with only 10% of women.

  More women held undergraduate diplomas (70%) and marginallymore women reached degree level (55%).

  Men with postgraduate diplomas clearly outnumbered theirfemale counterparts (70% and 30% respectively).(摘自《剑桥雅思4》)

  饼图:无非是两个表达的组合“占”和百分比。

 

雅思A类图表作文题写作精华提炼分析2 - yeyibin2001 - yeyibin2001的博客
饼图

 

  “占”:

  Occupy

  Be shared by

  Account for

  Be responsible for

  Be in charge of

  Be in the charge of

  百分比:

  A small percentage of … (X%)

  A quarter of …

  The minority of … (X%)(小部分)

  Half of …

  The majority of … (X%)

  Most of … (X%)

  One-fifth of …

  A possible answer: (Band 6.5)

  The pie graph demonstrates that heating rooms and wateroccupies the majority of electricity consumption (52.5%). Then,17.5% of the electricity demand is shared by ovens, kettles andwashing machines. Lighting, TV, radio and vacuum cleaners, foodmixers, electric tools are responsible for the rest, with 15%each.

 

雅思A类图表作文题写作精华提炼分析2 - yeyibin2001 - yeyibin2001的博客
表格

 

  表格:

  数字引入:图表引用数字的三种主要方法

  分词短语:

  On average, 11% of all households, comprising almost twomillion people, were in this position.

  括号:

  Couples generally tended to be better off, with lower povertylevels for couples without children (7%) than those with children(12%).

  介词短语:

  However, those consisting of only one parent or a single adulthad almost double this proportion of poor people, with 21% and 19%respectively.

  词数填充Word filler :这些表达没有实际意义,考试的时候可以填充词数。

  It is noticeable that …

  It is easy to see that …

  It is obvious that …

三、比较段comparison / 结论段conclusion:

  比较段:内容无非是数据关联或者特征关联两种可能。

  What is also worth mentioning is that … if the two diagramsare considered as a whole.

  A possible answer: (Band 6.5)

  What is also worth mentioning is that almost 40% UK touristsselected France and Spain in 1999, if the two diagrams areconsidered as a whole.

  单图结论段:

  Overall, the table/chart/graph/diagram suggests that …

  A possible answer: (Band 6.5)

  Overall, the table suggests that households of single adultsand those with children were more likely to be living in povertythan those consisting of couples.(摘自《剑桥雅思4》)

  (II)

  流程图/示意图/地图

  介绍段:

  The flow chart / diagram / map illustrates … The wholeprocedure can be divided into … stages.

  主体段:

  一般过渡:时间、顺序、目的

  时间:to begin with, next, then, later, finally; at the same time/ simultaneously

  顺序:the first stage involves … / in the second stage / in thethird stage / in the last stage

  目的:in order to / in order that; so as to / so that

 

雅思A类图表作文题写作精华提炼分析2 - yeyibin2001 - yeyibin2001的博客
图表作文

 

  According to the diagram, the first step of obtaining wateroutdoors is to find a hole with green plants on the bottom. Next,remove the green plants on the middle of the bottom and put acontainer there. Then, cover the hole with a plastic sheet andplace some stones on the edge of it to secure its position.Finally, a third stone is laid on the middle of the plastic sheetso that the middle part is also the lowestpart.(摘自《雅思写作胜经》,群言出版社)

  特殊过渡:状语从句when, where...

  When the sun shines on the green plants in the hole, waterevaporates from these plants. The vapor rises up and then coolsdown to form water drops under the plastic sheet. When there ismore and more water, it flows along the sheet to accumulate underthe lowest part. Finally, water falls down into the containerdirectly under the middle stone.(摘自《雅思写作胜经》,群言出版社)

  词语多样化:

  accumulate / gather / collect / obtain

  词语具体化:

  水蒸气vapor和蒸发evaporate这样的词并不容易,考试的时候可以用具体的方式加以规避:

 

  The water turns into gas, rises and finally turns into liquidagain and gathers under the sheet of plastic.

  句式:

  客观描述,多用一般现在时和被动语态。

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