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英联雅思托福国际英语教育

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雅思口语捷径-6-8月口语权威预测和备考详细指导(上)  

2009-05-27 22:39:24|  分类: 雅思权威预测(最 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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雅思口语捷径-叶毅斌5.30,6-8月口语权威预测和备考详细指导

 更多雅思考试最新预测,考试动态信息,听说读写技巧资料请进入http://blog.sina.com.cn/yeyibin2008

雅思口语的评分主要看四个方面:流利度和连贯性,语法,词汇,发音。中国考生雅思口语考试是在20多个主要雅思考试国家里面名列倒数的,其原因主要是拿过一个话题来不知道要说什么,而能说出来的一些东西也没有什么实际的内容。所以从第一个评分标准流利度和连贯度而言就已经很吃亏了。没有了句群,段落,就失去了表现词汇和发音的载体。而在所能说的一些句子和段落中还夹杂着单词的误用,he/she混用以及语法,时态,单复数的错误,因此总体分数会很低。 大家要提高雅思口语就是要从这四个方面着手进行练习。

一、连贯性方面,首先要解决的问题是如何“develop youranswer”。

首先要解决的就是要学会扩展答案(develop youranswer),使流利度和连贯性有所发挥,就如写作写提纲一样,口语也要构思你的框架。 例如:

E.g. What is your major? Why did you choose thismajor? Do you like it and why?

这个问题就可以从以下三方面进行答案的扩充:

1.  Interest (internal factor)

2.  Expectation from others(external factor)

Being encouraged/motivated by (eg. Parents)

3.  Profitability

It is profitable/ promising/ lucrative

这样你就拥有了回答这个问题的框架,能保证你的答案有一定的长度和内容,形成了句群和段落,然后你就要思考回答内部逻辑和关系的问题,要用一些怎样的连接词使得自己的答案让人听起来顺畅和舒服呢?以下是口语当中使用频率较高的连接词:

Besides, in addition, to begin with, anyway, lastbut not the least, etc.

二、词汇方面,不要片面追求专业难词,而更应该注意用词的多样性。

词汇的问题也很重要,有很多同学认为口语没考好或者难度大主要是因为自己词汇量不够,还有很多同学力求把自己的答案充满了大词和难词,把答案弄得比较专业。这就失去了口语本身的特点,大家都知道西方人大多数说很简单的英语而回避一些口语里的大词。所以,我们的问题不在于你知道的难词大词有多少,而在于能否用多种方式的简单生活化的口语表达你想表达的概念。例如:你的答案是说你很喜欢自己的专业,那么喜欢能有多少种方式表达呢?

Like, love, prefer, enjoy等这些是比较简单和基础的表达,例如:

I’m very much into/ I’m crazy about/ I’m fond of/I’m keen on/ I’m fascinated by/about/ I really dig into

这些表达很生活化,并不是什么特别复杂的结构,能很好的表达很喜欢这样一个概念,而且略微高档一些。

倘若你的答案里要出现5—6个表达喜欢的地方,那么至少用上3—4种不一样的方式来表达这个概念,那必将使你的答案更具魅力,也展示了你的词汇水平。所以我们看到,片面追求专业难词是不对的,表达同样一个概念的方式的丰富性才是大家应该努力的方向。

三、语法方面,要尽量避免易犯的低级错误。

有了内容和词汇后就要轮到语法了,要尽量避免一些中国学生最容易犯的低级错误:he/she混用,时态错误,单复数错误,以及主谓一致错误等。要避免这些错误不只是要从文字方面弄清楚,更重要的是要通过大量的口语练习把正确的内容练习成为条件反射。中国学生在时态方面要特别注意过去式,因为雅思口语,尤其是第二部分描述很多情况下都要用过去式,所以要注意答案的时态统一,不能时态混用。当然,过去完成时和过去完成进行时能得到应用的话也会对你的答案起到加分作用。比如:

Where is your hometown? / Where do you come from? /Where are you from?

与其说成my hometown is Xin Jiang, 不如说成 I am a Xin Jianglocal. I have been living in Xin Jiang for more than 15 years.

四、发音方面,不要吹毛求疵,不要闭门造车

发音的问题是仁者见仁,智者见智的,随着今年口语发音评分方面的改革,发音又一次被广大“烤鸭”重视了起来。我个人的意见是,其实中国人总体的发音比很多雅思口语比我们高的国家的学员要好,只要注意一些经常发错的音就可以了,大原则是你的发音不要影响考官对你答案的理解就可以了,在这方面不要过度吹毛求疵。空有发音,而对一个问题不能快速,准确的回答,那不是本末倒置吗?再就是发音问题千万不要闭门造车,而要找老师及时进行交流和更正。

下面我们来分享一下完整答案:

Question: What is your major? Why did you choosethis major? Do you like it and why?

Sample Answer: I like itprimarily/mainly/chiefly/principally because I’m very much into thestuff taught in class. Besides/Plus my parents encourage me tostudy it hard. In addition/Also this is a very promising major thatis bound to bring me much income in the future. (Finally/Lastly…)That is exactly/precisely why I like my major.

可以看到这个答案就符合了内容充实性和连贯性,词汇的丰富性,语法的正确性等雅思评分必备条件。至于发音和是否流利要看每一位学员投入练习的力度有多大了。

五、如何利用叶毅斌口语预测进行准备

口语预测的用处很大,因为雅思口语考试话题的重复率很高,叶毅斌博客里面口语预测命中率一般为98-100%(http://blog.sina.com.cn/yeyibin2008),VIP提供的词汇和答题范文也可以帮助你开阔思路,节省时间。对于一般学生来讲考口语最忌讳的就是在考场上第一次听到要回答的问题,在考场上现场组织答案。要多涉猎每一部分考试能够考到的话题,认真思考如果你被问到这样的题目应当从哪些方面应答,并进行练习。对于重复率较高的话题更要进行反复的口语练习,直到非常熟练为止。口语的练习是很随机的,只要有几分钟时间就可以思考一道题,练习一道题,贵在坚持。例如:

如果你被问道的问题是describe yourhometown,那么就算你第一次听到这个题,由于比较贴近生活可能你还能现场反应和组织答案。但如果题目换成了describe alaw, 如果平时没有思考过这个问题的答题思路,那么现场组织答案会非常被动,发挥不好而不会得到很好的分数。

第二部分描述要特别注意移花接木,也就是用一个准备好的核心段落来演绎很多不同的话题。大家都知道雅思三部分的问题加起来可能有200-300道,而且问法还很不同。如果你每道题都要想出一个不同的答案的话那你要准备和练习的段落就太多了,这是不现实的。在日常的教学工作中,想用1-2个核心故事来套所有的问题的想法也是达不到的。所以要特别注意归类总结,哪些问题可以用到同一核心段落,哪些要单独准备。这样你需要准备的段落可能就只有40-50个左右了。想想看,熟练脱口而出40-50个段落应该不难吧,但是上百个就不太可能了。例如:

你准备好了一个描述一个老人的段落,那么很多话题都可以套用了:你最尊敬的人,对你影响最深的人,一个成功的人,一张照片(可以是你和他一起照的),一个礼物等都可以加以灵活的套用。但像describea law这样的话题你就必须要单独准备了,套用老人显然不合适。

第三部分的话题与第二部分有紧密联系,发散性和议论性都很大。建议大家要多看机经里哪一类的描述话题能引出怎样的一些议论性话题,多思考,只要能说出自己的观点,不要愣住不知所措就可以了。

Practice makes perfect!口语重在练习,只要能持之以恒,就能取得较大的进步,对雅思整体分数的提高会有出其不意的效果。特别是最近一段时间以来,雅思口语题目和写作题目经常互相借用,拼凑组合,特别是新的写作题目经常取自于口语话题,这其实是好现象,说明我们的口语和写作是可以一起准备的,不要把他们孤立开来,我的VIP资料的口语和写作答案和范文是可以互相套用的.

5.30,6-8月口语权威预测---本预测适用:中国大陆地区,港澳台地区,亚洲其他地区(日韩泰)以及澳洲,新西兰,新加坡,马来西亚等国家。以上地区笔试部分(听力、阅读、写作)为统一试卷,口试内容半年内基本在共同的Part1-340几个经典固定话题中(预测中整理好)选择变化。欧洲,北美,英国等其他考区:叶毅斌该预测口语100%也适合复习,命中率为95-100%。本预测里面的口语是6-8月的复习重点范围,后面考试的同学请按照此内容先复习。本预测里面的所有口语Part1-3答案和范文VIP会员有提供,具体请进入博客http://blog.sina.com.cn/yeyibin2008看置顶文章。

新增的话题放最后面。

PartOne-Two海内外最新热点话题目(新增加了第24-32,新增的是重点)

1. Do you often write things? What do you usuallywrite? Do you prefer to write by hand or write using the computer?Do you think handwriting is very important (nowadays)? How canchildren today improve their handwriting? 

2.study or work? flat or house
Do you live in a flat or a house? What kind of flat? What isoutside the windows? what is there on the walls? what can you seewhen you look out the window? hometown  Say something about yourhometown.

3.Email
Do you often write emails?
What are the advantages of writing emails?
What types of emails/letters do you write, business or personal?Which one is hard? What’s the difference between letters andemails?

4.Do you like / enjoy shopping? When was the lasttime you went shopping?

Where do you go shopping? What kind of shopping doyou dislike? What’s the worst part about shopping? What do youthink about online shopping? Do you prefer to shop in big stores orsmall shops?

5.Internet第一次接触网络是什么时候(热门)

 What do you do with internet?

 What are the advantages anddisadvantages of internet?

When did you begin to use the internet?

 what is in the wall? through thewindows what can you see.

Email
Do you often write emails?
What are the advantages of writing emails?
What types of emails/letters do you write, business or personal?Which one is hard? Business letter is harder, because I am not goodat business English,
and the format is also A big problem for me. What’s the differencebetween letters and emails?

6.Do you like music?
 Do you think music is important?
What kind of music do you enjoy most? How long do you listen tomusic everyday?

7.Do you often go to the cinema? Do you often go tothe theater?
What kinds of movies do you like best?
Who is your favorite movie star? Describe him /her.

8.INTRODUCTION  Hello. Could youshow me your identification card please? Could you tell me yourfull name please?
What shall I call you?. How areyou?
How old are you? Does your name have any specialmeaning? Is your name important to you?
9.FRIENDS
What does friendship mean to you?
Do you have a lot of friends?
Do you prefer to bealone or to be with friends?
Do you prefer to be aloneor to be with friends?
Do you prefer to be alone or tobe with friends?
What do you usually do with yourfriends?
What do you usually do with your friends?

10. What do you usually do in your sparetime?  What are your spare time interests? What doyou usually do in your spare time?
What are your sparetime interests?
Do you often watch TV? What is yourfavorite program?
Do you think watching TV is a wasteof time?
11. Sport  Do you like sports? What sport facilities do you have near yourhome? Are there any sports you would like to try?

12. Holiday  Do you likeholidays?  What did you do last holiday? Whichcountry would you like to go to?

13. Birthdays/Food/visits  How doChinese usually celebrate birthday? How do you usually celebrateyour birthday? Do you love partying? how often do you usuallyparty?  What kind of food do youlove? what kind of food is popular in china? do you love to trysome new food that you have never tried before? Who cooks in yourfamily? Are there any changes in Chinese food these years? howoften do you usually get visits? how do you usually prepare forthe visitors who go to your place?

14. Gardens  Do people in yourcountry have private gardens? What kind of vegetables or flowers dopeople usually grow in their gardens?  Have youplanted any vegetables before? How much time do you spend ingardens or parks? Why do you think people likegardens and parks?

15.  Sport Do youlike sports? What sport facilities do you have near your home? Arethere any sports you would like to try?

16.  Reading / Magazine /Newspapers   Did you read a lotin your childhood? What kind of books do you lovereading?  Why do you think people now read less?How do you get your news? What kind of news do you like?

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